The Victor Hugo eco-neighbourhood development zone in Bagneux, marks the approach to the town from the north and is situated in a radically changing and highly contrasted territory. The extension of the Parisian metro line 4 and the new line 15 of the Grand Paris Express represent a major issue for the development of the area.
The urban design project was guided by a participatory process involving the local inhabitants of the northern districts, with consultation workshops organised throughout the project planning phase. In this way, the particular strengths and weaknesses of the territory were gradually revealed and transformed into an inclusive, cohesive, and sustainable project. The social, morphological, architectural and landscape aspects are built upon, and existing features such as the allotment gardens, the Vanne aquaduct, and Robespierre Park are enhanced. These existing natural areas are incorporated into a new hierarchical network of public spaces which irrigate the whole neighbourhood.
In response to the environmental aspects inherent in the notion of an eco-neighbourhood, pedestrian routes and cycle paths are given priority, planted drainage channels collect rainwater for natural filtration, and all public areas are richly planted. Careful attention was given to the uses of individual places to cater for every generation.
The theatre zone
The theatre zone, occupied by a mix of offices, housing, cultural facilities and services, operates at both a local and a wider, urban scale.
The strong identity of the theatre, the new creche and, above all, the public spaces, all work at these different scales and promote social interaction between inhabitants.
The theatre square becomes the new esplanade of the existing performance hall. The central, open area, intended for cultural events, and open-air shows, is surrounded by a series of smaller more personal spaces with seating separated by bands of planting, trees and flower beds.
Further to the East, a former private garden has been restyled as an Anglo-Chinese public garden with a grotto from the end of the 19th century, and new pathways winding between the existing groves of large trees and shrubs which act as natural filters creating more personal places. In addition, there is a playground for children with small playshelters, and communal gardens. On a wider scale, the park is linked to a new residential area by means of an adjacent square.
The larger buildings surrounding the densely planted neighbourhood will, in general, offer protection from the noise and pollution of the major urban arteries.
– Client: Bagneux town council
– Client Representative: SADEV 94
– Urban planners of the development zone: Arte Charpentier Architectes
– Technical consultant team leader: Bérim
– Landscape design: Arte Charpentier Architectes
– Title: ZAC Ecoquartier Victor Hugo
– Postcode: 92 220
– Town: Bagneux
– Area of Development zone: 19 hectares
– Area of theatre sector: 11 500 m²
Photo credits: DR Arte Charpentier Architectes / Landers
Find out more about the town planning project, click here !